Edith Emerson (American, 1888-1981)
Oil on Canvas
Gift of Miss Edith Emerson
Conserved in 2013 with Support from the Stockman Family Foundation
Condition Prior to Treatment (2009):
Paint Layer Condition: The paint layer has an odd, pronounced cracking pattern. Either the sizing or priming layer was improperly prepared, or the glue used to attach the painting to the panel is thick and has contracted the canvas and paint layer in some areas. There is active flaking in the central figures, along the bottom edge. Ultra violet light reveals old blotches of repaint in shadows along the upper edge, in the dark column at right, and in the figures. Careful examination indicates that the repaints are much larger than the paint damages, and cover a lot of original paint.
Surface Film: The thin natural resin varnish has turned brown, gone dull and no longer saturates the paint layer. There may be a slight grime build up overall.
Conservation Treatment (2013):
Insecure paint was locally consolidated with Beva conservation adhesive and set in place with localized heat and pressure. The degraded varnish layer was removed or reduced with appropriate cleaning agents. Repaints were removed or reduced with the appropriate cleaning agents; little if any repaint remains in place. This revealed paint losses and abrasions much smaller that the repaints. An isolating layer of PVA AYAA (polyvinyl acetate, Union Carbide),a conservation quality varnish, was applied overall. Paint losses and some wide cracks were filled with pigmented and/or clear microcrystalline wax. Paint losses were inpainted with pigments in PVA AYAA/AYAC. A final layer of Beva UVS Finishing Varnish (Regalrez) was applied overall.