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A View of a Roman Town

Jean Joseph Xavier Bidauld

A View of a Roman Town, 18th-19th Century

Oil on Board


Purchased with funds provided by Ruth Armon and William F. Reighley 

Jean-Joseph-Xavier Bidauld was one the most successful Neo-classical historical landscape painters of 18th and 19th century France. During extensive travels throughout Italy, Bidauld developed a distinctive style, creating orderly compositions of vast pastoral landscapes, marked by precise brushwork and clear lighting. He enjoyed official patronage under Louis XVIII, producing two large landscapes for the chateau of Fontainbleu’s Galerie de Diane. Bidauld was also a regular of the Paris Salon between 1791 and 1884, winning the gold medal in 1812, and in 1823, was the first landscape painter admitted to the Académie des Beaux-Arts. 

Condition of the Artwork (2009):

There are some dents at the edges from framing. The corners of the cardboard mount have separated into layers. The varnish layer appears to be clear but does not saturate the paint layer well. The medium green foliage in front of the town has a spotty, blanched appearance. There appear to be the remnants of a grime layer on the paint surface, beneath the current finish varnish. Ultra violet light reveals that the dark green bush in the central foreground has not been cleaned of an old natural resin coating.

Conservation Treatment Proposed: 

  • Consolidate frayed corners of cardboard support with a conservation quality adhesive.
  • Reattach detaching paper at corners with a conservation quality adhesive.
  • Remove/reduce grime layer with the appropriate cleaning agents.
  • Remove reduce poorly saturating varnish layer with the appropriate cleaning agents.
  • Possibly remove/reduce inpainting with the appropriate cleaning agents.
  • Apply an isolating layer of a conservation quality varnish.
  • Fill and inpaint paint losses and abrasions with conservation quality materials.
  • Apply a conservation quality finishing varnish overall.
  • All materials used will be appropriate and conservation quality. All work will adhere to the highest standards of the field.

Estimated Cost of Treatment:  $1,250.00